I installed E-fans on my 2001

Discussion in 'Tech Info' started by ScottyBoy, Jun 29, 2011.

Car Parts
  1. ScottyBoy

    ScottyBoy Full Access Member

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    How-To: Installing 06 E-fans on a 2001

    This is a step by step tutorial on how to upgrade any 00-02 Tahoe, Yukon, or Suburban to the 05-06 GMT800 electric cooling fans. This same setup can be used on 03-04 trucks as well, however the only difference is the wiring that connects to the PCM. I will also add that a custom tune from someone like Blackbear Performance(who is a site sponsor by the way) is also needed, because the pins to control the fans in the PCM need to be turned on with the tuning software.

    First of all, you need to measure your radiator to see what size it is. Some trucks came with a smaller radiator, (28 inches wide I think) and some have the larger radiator, which is 34 inches wide. The 05-06 Tahoe/Silverado electric fans can only be used if you have the larger radiator. So if you have the smaller one, you need to upgrade your radiator first. If you have the 34 inch radiator, like I do, the fans will bolt right up as if they were made for your truck. The holes for the fan to bolt on are already in the radiator support. It uses the same bolts as the radiator. So if you didn't get the bolts with your new fan, just go grab some radiator bolts off a truck in the junkyard. I got my fans from a 2006 Chevy Silverado in the junkyard. I was also able to pick apart the wiring harness and get that as well. I even got the pin that needs to be added to the PCM harness. So now I have an OEM wiring harness complete with fan relays. This actually clips right onto the side of your underhood fuse panel once you remove the cover. Here is the fans and the harness that I got.
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    I cleaned up the harness and added some wire loom to it and made it look cleaner, for a cleaner install.
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    You can buy a pre-made harness from Blackbear Performance for a very easy install. Or if you are able to procure the correct pigtails for the fans and the PCM, you can custom make your own harness. Here is a wiring diagram of how the fans are factory wired on the 05-06 GM trucks.
    efan.jpg
    If you have an 03-04 truck, then you will wire it exactly like this diagram shows. But on a 99-02, the PCM only has pin 42 available to use. The other trigger wire has to be connected to the AC compressor clutch relay wire. That wire is positive, so by me using an OEM harness, I had to add a relay to that wire to change it to a negative in order to trigger the fan relay pack, which is set up to be triggered by negative signals from the PCM. This extra relay is not needed if you use the pre-made harness from Blackbear. Thier harness is already setup to use a positive trigger from the AC wire. Now onto the wiring. First you want to remove your underhood fuse panel cover. Not just the lid, the entire cover. You will have to unbolt the corner fender brace in order to get it up and off. Now lift up the fuse junction block to get access to the underside. You will need to splice into the dark green AC clutch relay wire. This is the wire you need.
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    This is where you will tie in your relay (or trigger wire if using a Blackbear harness). The relay needs to be wired as follows:
    86-Green AC wire
    85-Ground
    87-Ground
    30-Blue trigger wire on OEM fan relay pack

    And here is how your relay should look.
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    Now take the green wire on your relay and splice it into the factory Green AC wire with solder and heat shrink tubing.
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    I grounded the ground wire to this bolt on the fender, right below the fuse block.
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    Last edited: Jun 30, 2011
  2. ScottyBoy

    ScottyBoy Full Access Member

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    Now the low speed fan trigger needs to be connected to the PCM. Remove the PCM from its mounting bracket and unplug the wiring harness, which is held in with one screw. Unscrew it and slowly wiggle it side to side until it comes loose. You will need to insert a pin into an empty slot, pin 42 on the side that says "BLUE". Carefully remove the blue plastic cap on the side of the harness that plugs into the PCM. (Sorry, I didn't get a picture of that)
    Here is where you need to insert your green trigger wire pin.
    DSC03126.jpg
    The empty spot labeled 42. I poked an awl thru the yellow rubber to make it easier to get the pin thru.
    Here is the inner side with the blue cover removed.
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    Now take your pin, and carefully push it thru the pin 42 hole until it is fully seated just like the rest of the pins.
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    Now you need to mount your relays. If you are using a Blackbear harness, you can mount them wherever you choose. But I have the OEM harness, so I am putting it right alongside the fuse block, right where it sits on a 05-06 truck.
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    It just clips right in.
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    And then the main power feed for the relay needs to be connected to the battery, and the ground needs to be secured to a factory boly on the frame or body. I secured mine to the horn mounting bracket, because the OEM harness grounds in that general area on a 06 truck.

    I just zip tied my harness alongside another factory wire loom that runs alongside the bottom of the radiator.

    Now that the wiring is squared away, on to the actual fan swap. First, you need to remove your air intake tube. Next, you want to remove the upper half of your fan shroud, which is held on with two 10mm bolts on the top, and two plastic push rivets on each side. Notice the empty bolt hole just to the left of the 10mm bolt that secures the fan shroud. This is where the electric fan shroud will bolt up to.
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    I find that using a door panel removal tool is perfect for getting the plastic rivets out. If you dont have one, a pair of wire cutters will work too.
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    Now once the yop half of the fan shroud is off, you need to remove the factory fan by unbolting the fan clutch. You need a big ass wrench and a hammer. Hit it with the hammer to turn it counter clockwise to break it loose. I used a pair of vise grips on mine. I have heard of some people also using an air chisel to get it off as well.
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    Now once you get the fan off, the bottom half of the fan shroud will simply lift right out.
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    Now just drop your new electric fans down where the fan shroud was. You will have to do a little wiggling to get it around the radiator hoses. The bottom of the shroud rests on the radiator support just like the original fan shroud did. It also rests in the "hooks" that are molded into the radiator tank.
    Now look at the top and the two monting holes should line up perfectly with the two holes in the radiator support. Now just bolt it in.
    Then I climbed underneath and finished securing all the wiring.
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    Now just bolt your air intake tube back on and you are done!
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    And one more thing, if your truck has the 105 amp alternator, I strongly suggest that you upgrade to the 130 amp or 145 amp version. I have the 130 amp one in mine, and I am noticing my volts guage drop from 14 down to 12 or 13 when both fans are on and I am idling. The volts will increase if I rev the engine though. I am planning on upgrading my alternator when I get more funds.
     
    UmmScott likes this.
  3. yukondoit

    yukondoit Stay Classy

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    Nice write up! :Handshake: This is getting added to my to do list.
     
  4. puckhead

    puckhead Full Access Member

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    Very nice write up! Thanks!
     
  5. waxworkz

    waxworkz Full Access Member

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    i did the same thing but tapped my ac wire off the wire bundle that comes down close to the alt. i also used a BB harness. took all of 30 mins
     
  6. gpracer1

    gpracer1 Full Access Member

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    Couple of questions.....
    For OEM harness,
    Instead of using the positive wire from the AC clutch, why dont you use the negative trigger from the PCM to the AC clutch relay for high fan?

    What happens when you go faster than the fan cut off speed in the tune when the AC is on? Do the fans stay on high? Do both fans stay on high?
    NOPE.

    I have a 99 with 05 fans and oem harness, and 0411 swap.
    I have the PCM control the low speed fans, and the AC clutch relay trigger negative hooked to the high speed fans trigger wires.

    Now between the PCM AC clutch trigger wire and the AC clutch relay, I broke the connection with an extra relay. This relay is commanded closed (so the high speed will still work when AC on) whenever the low speed fans are on. If the low speed fansturns off due to higher than tune threshold, it interrupts the high speed by cutting the connection from PCM AC request to AC relay.

    In other words, at over 45 mph (my tune) All fans turn off even if the AC is on. This way you are not driving on a 600 mile trip at 75 mph with the fans on high because you have the AC on.....pulling 50 extra amps.
     
  7. ScottyBoy

    ScottyBoy Full Access Member

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    I emailed Justin @ Blackbear several times before I did the wiring. He said tying into the negative AC trigger wire was a bad idea (he didn't go into detail why) and the best way to wire them up was to just add another relay to change the polarity to negative.
    Also, the way the fans are wired, both fans are only on high if the PCM low speed trigger is on AND the AC is on. If the PCM trigger isn't active (whether the temp isn't hot enough, or I am driving on the highway) but the AC trigger wire is active, only one fan turns on. The PCM trigger turns both fans on at low speed. The AC trigger turns one fan on at high speed. If both the PCM trigger and AC trigger are on AT THE SAME TIME, then both fans are on at high speed.
    So when driving on the highway with the AC on, only one fan is on and I am ok with that.
     
  8. gpracer1

    gpracer1 Full Access Member

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    I made it simple on mine, engine cooling both fans on low.
    AC on, both fans on high.
    Over a certain speed all fans off.
     
  9. ScottyBoy

    ScottyBoy Full Access Member

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    Well post up a diagram/schematic and maybe I will rewire mine.
     
  10. gpracer1

    gpracer1 Full Access Member

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    Ill have to do that!
     

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